The Chinese in Toronto from 1878: From Outside to Inside the Circle

The Chinese in Toronto from 1878: From Outside to Inside the Circle
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Few people know about this fact. Contributor biographical information Publisher description Inhaltsverzeichnis. Scoutaccount rated it really liked it Dec 12, In the s for example, the community organized a protest against the expropriation of Chinatown properties to make way for the new City Hall. In Toronto's Chinese population numbered fifty. The Chinese were mostly engaged in the heavy work — building bridges, chiseling tunnels, chipping away at rocks, and transporting heavy debris.

The discovery of gold in in the Fraser Valley of British Columbia attracted the first group of migrants from China; and by , 4, Chinese were panning for gold. The second wave of Chinese immigration took place from to when Andrew Onderdonk , an American engineer, recruited 15, workers from China to build the railway from Port Moody to Craigellachie — a distance of kilometres. In addition to the extreme difficulties experienced by these workers on ships bound for Canada, their hardships on the long voyage paled in comparison for what was to come:.

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The Chinese were mostly engaged in the heavy work — building bridges, chiseling tunnels, chipping away at rocks, and transporting heavy debris. The use of nitroglycerine, a powerful and unpredictable explosive…. Many makeshift tunnels that were used to start the blasting of the mountains on the north side of the Fraser River remained half-completed and abandoned after too many workers were killed. Others perished from different causes, such as overwork, landslides, and collapsing bridges.

The Chinese in Toronto from 1878 : from outside to inside the circle

Local lore tells the tales of ghosts who, to this very day, linger around the unmarked graves and tunnels. In , the railway was completed, the cost in human life amounting to one person for every mile of railway track laid. Over and above the ever-increasing head tax, Chinese men within Canada could not purchase Crown lands.

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From Outside to Inside the Circle The modest beginnings of the Chinese in Toronto and the development of Chinatown is largely due to the completion of the . With achievements spanning all walks of life, the Chinese in Toronto are no longer looking in from outside society's circle. Their lives are a.

P26 Within their businesses, they were prevented from hiring women of white descent:. Interracial relationships were considered to be deeply disturbing. She attended the public schools in the Chinatown area and attended a special school to learn the Chinese language. On the weekends, she had dance and piano lessons.

They also worked hard to shape the broader Canadian culture around the community. He became fluent in English, and encouraged and supported his wife, Jean Lumb, who went on to become the first Canadian woman of Chinese descent to receive the Order of Canada.

The removal of restrictions on immigration from China, beginning with the repeal of the Exclusion Act in , allowed families to be reunited, and increased the size and improved the well-being of the Chinese Community in Toronto. From her youth, she had a hobby of collecting newspaper clippings or taking notes about the journey of Chinese Canadians in Toronto. As a child, she met many important members of the community and grew up during a period that saw massive changes in the status of the Chinese in Canada. The Chinese have made a vast number of contributions to Canada, from helping to construct the Trans-Canada railway to improving immigration policies.

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In the s for example, the community organized a protest against the expropriation of Chinatown properties to make way for the new City Hall. Their efforts not only managed to salvage parts of a landmark neighbourhood in the city, but also created a precedent for the questioning of future expropriation without citizen input.

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